In a parliamentary democracy, a government can be in power only if it commands a majority in the directly elected House. Article 75(3) of our Constitution embodies this rule by specifying that the Council of Ministers are collectively responsible to Lok Sabha. The rules of Lok Sabha provide a mechanism for testing this collective responsibility. They allow any Lok Sabha MP who can garner the support of 50 colleagues, to introduce a motion of no-confidence against the Council of Ministers. Thereafter, a discussion on the motion takes place. MPs who support the motion highlight the government’s shortcomings, and the Treasury Benches respond to the issues they raise.
Today, after 15 years
It is now 15 years since a discussion on a motion of no-confidence took place in the Lok Sabha. The last one was in 2003 when Prime Minister Vajpayee defeated a no-confidence motion moved bySonia Gandhi. The no-confidence motion to be discussed on Friday will be the 27th no-confidence motion in our Parliamentary history.
This is the first time that the Modi government will face such a motion.
All eyes will be on the Monsoon Session of the Parliament today, as the ruling BJP government is all set to face a no-confidence motion moved by Opposition parties.
This is the first time that the Modi government will face such a motion. While notices were moved by Opposition MPs in the last session too, the Speaker did not grant leave for them to be taken up as the support of 50 members could not be ascertained due to protests in the Well of the House.
The government appears confident not just of facing the motion but also getting more votes than the strength of the National Democratic Alliance (NDA). The Congress, too, on its part claimed that it has the numbers.